Frederick William Pethick-Lawrence

Frederick William Pethick-Lawrence profile


Frederick William Pethick-Lawrence

lord Pethick-Lawrence
lord Pethick-Lawrence
28 December 1871
Died10 September 1961
Hendon, London
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s) Emmeline Pethick
 Helen Craggs
educationEton and Trinity College, Cambridge
worksthis gold crisis (1931)an autobiography fate has been kind in 1943


Frederick William Pethick-Lawrence, 1st Baron Pethick-Lawrence known as Lord Pethick Lawrence (1871-1961) was a British labour statesman, secretary of state for India and Burma from 1945-47 and a leader of the women’s suffrage movement.
He was born in London on 28 December 1871. He was educated at Eton and trinity college, Cambridge. He had a distinguished academic career and was a noted athlete. In 1897 he turned to social work in the east end of London. Possessing private means, he gained control of echo, an evening paper in 1901 and was its editor from 1902-05. After a demonstration for women’s suffrage in 1912 he was sentenced to a nine month imprisonment.
   In 1923 he was elected to parliament as a labour and financial secretary to the treasury in 1929 but declined to support Ramsay MacDonald’s coalition government in 1931 and subsequently lost his seat. During these years he studied, wrote and spoke on the financial and economic conditions of India.
In 1935 he returned to parliament. When Attlee formed the labour government in 1945 Lawrence became secretary of state and paved the way for independence.
In 1947 he retired on his own will but continued to be prominent in the House of Lords. Lawrence died in London on 10 September 1961.


 His works include this gold crisis (1931) and an autobiography fate has been kind in 1943.

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