personal details

TitleMevlânâMawlānā, Mevlevî,Mawlawī
Wakhsh or Balkh, Khwarezmian Empire
Died17 December 1273
Konya, Sultanate of Rum
EraIslamic Golden Age
RegionKhwarezmian Empire (Balkh: 1207–1212, 1213–1217; Samarkand: 1212–1213)
Sultanate of Rum (Malatya: 1217–1219; Akşehir: 1219–1222; Larende: 1222–1228; Konya: 1228–1273)
CreedSunni Islam, Sufism, his followers formed the Mevlevi Order
Main interest(s)Sufi poetry, Hanafi jurisprudence
Notable idea(s)Sufi whirling, Muraqaba
Notable work(s)Mathnawī-ye ma'nawīDīwān-e Shams-e Tabrīzī, Fīhi mā fīhi
quotesrumi quotes


Mowlānā Jalāloddin Balkhi, known in Persia as Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī and in the West simply as Rumi, was born on September 30, 1207 C. E. in Balkh Province, Afghanistan, then on the eastern edge of the Persian Empire. Rumi was recognized as a great spirit by the poet and teacher Fariduddin Attar, who gave him a copy of his own Ilahinama (The Book of God).
Rumi's father was Bahā ud-Dīn Walad, a theologian, jurist and a mystic from Balkh, who was also known by the followers of Rumi as Sultan al-Ulama or "Sultan of the Scholars". When his father died in 1231, Rumi became head of the madrasah, or spiritual learning community. The school reportedly had over ten thousand students, including masons, grocers, weavers, hatmakers, carpenters, tailors, and bookbinders.
Mevlana was a Muslim, but not an orthodox type. His doctrine advocates unlimited tolerance, positive reasoning, goodness, charity and awareness through love. To him all religions were more or less truth. Rumi's works are written mostly in Persian, but occasionally he also used Greek,Arabic, and Turkish in his verse
In 1958, Pope John XXIII wrote a special message saying: “In the name of the Catholic World, I bow with respect before the memory of Rumi.”
Mevlana died on 17 December 1273 and was laid to rest beside his father in Konya, in present day Turkey. He was buried in Konya and his shrine became a place of pilgrimage.

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