Dhyan Chand biography

Major Dhyan Chand

Born29 August 1905
Dhyan Chand
Dhyan Chand
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died3 December 1979 (aged 74)
Delhi, India
Height5 ft 7 in (170 cm)
debutMay 17, 1928 (Olympic Games)
Parents: Sameshwar Dutt Singh
Siblings: Roop Singh, Mool Singh
Playing positionforward


Dhyan Chand ( 29 August 1905 – 3 December 1979) was an Indian field hockey player, who is widely considered as the greatest field hockey player of all time. Dhyan Chand is remembered for his quick goal scoring and for winning three Olympic gold medals for India.
Dhyan Chand joined the army at the age of 16, which is when he began playing hockey. Between 1922 and 1926 Dhyan Chand played hockey solely for army hockey tournaments and then selected for team for New Zealand.
Dhyan married Janaki Devi in 1936. They had seven sons, including: Brij Mohan, Sohan Singh, Raj Kumar, Ashok Kumar, Umesh Kumar, Devinder Singh and Virender Singh.
In the year 1934, Dhyan Chand was appointed the captain of the Indian hockey and subsequently captained the gold winning team at the Berlin Olympics in 1936. At the Berlin Olympics, Hitler was so impressed with his play that he offered to make him colonel in the German army, if he agreed to play for Germany.  In east Africa  tour Dhyan Chand scored 61 goals in 21 matches that India played.
He retired as Major and was also the Chief Hockey Coach at the National Institute of Sports. On Dec 3, 1979 this hockey legend passed away.


  • In 1956, at the age of 51, he retired from the army with the rank of Major.
  • August 29, Chand's birthday, is celebrated as National Sports Day in India.
  • In Holland, the authorities broke his hockey stick to check if there was a magnet inside.
  • He once met cricket legend Don Bradman in Adelaide in 1935, when the Indian hockey team was in Australia. After watching Dhyan Chand in action, Don Bradman remarked "He scores goals like runs in cricket"
  • He published an autobiography titled "Goal", published by Sport & Pastime, Chennai, 1952.
  •    Dhyan Singh got the name of Dhyan Chand because he used to do practice during the late night hours under the moon (Chand) light; his fellow players gave him this name.
  •     The fear of Dhyan Chand’s marvellous game play forced the officials in Netherlands to break his hockey stick to check if there was a magnet inside.
  •     Dhyan Chand was also known as “The Wizard.” He scored more than 400 goals in his international career.

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