Rajiv Gandhi biography

Rajiv Gandhi

Personal details

rajiv gandhi
rajiv gandhi
BornRajiv (Sharma) Gandhi
20 August 1944
Bombay, Bombay Presidency,British India
(now Mumbai, Maharashtra,India)
Died21 May 1991 (aged 46)
Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu,India
Political partyIndian National Congress
fathermotherFeroze GandhiIndira gandhi
Spouse(s)Sonia Gandhi
ChildrenRahul, Priyanka
NicknamesMr. Clean
EDUCATION                          Trinity College, Cambridge, Imperial College London, University of Cambridge, The Doon School
awards1991   Bharat Ratna


Rajiv Ratna Gandhi was born on August 20, 1944 and died on May 21, 1991, the eldest son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi. he was the 9th Prime Minister of India from his mother's death on 31 October 1984 until his resignation on December 2, 1989 following a general election defeat. Becoming the Prime Minister of India at the age of 40, he is the youngest person to hold that office. Rajiv Gandhi worked as a professional pilot for Indian Airlines before coming into politics. 
 his younger brother sanjay's death in 1980 that Rajiv was pressured by Congress politicians and his mother to enter politics. Rajiv and his wife were both opposed to the idea, and Rajiv even publicly criticized the idea. He did not contest for his brother's seat, but he finally accepted as his mother announced his candidacy for Parliament. His entry was criticized by many in the press, public and opposition political parties, who saw the role of Nehru's dynasty intensifying in Indian politics. 

Rajiv became an  political advisor to his mother Indira and in 1981 he  was elected for Sanjay's Lok Sabha constituency of Amethi in Uttar Pradesh state. Rajiv soon became the president of the Youth Congress. Rajiv was in West Bengal when Indira Gandhi was assassinated on October 31, 1984. Top Congress leaders, as well as President Zail Singh pressed Rajiv to become India's Prime Minister. Owing largely to the feelings of sympathy in wake of Indira's murder, the Congress party won a clear victory. The margin of majority in Parliament was the largest in Indian history more than 411 seats out of 542 giving Rajiv absolute control of government. 

Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi began leading in a direction significantly different from Indira Gandhi's socialism. He improved bilateral relations with the United States which was long affected by Indira's socialism and close friendship with the USSR and expanded economic and scientific cooperation. 

Rajiv authorized an extensive police and Army campaign to contain terrorism in Punjab. The Indo-Sri Lanka Peace treaty was signed by Rajiv Gandhi and the Sri Lankan President J.R.Jayewardene, in Colombo on July 29, 1987. Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated while campaigning, by a female LTTE suicide bomber Thenmuli Rajaratnam. His Italian-born widow Sonia Gandhi became the leader of the Congress party in 1998, and led the party to victory in the 2004 elections. His son Rahul Gandhi is a Member of Parliament. 

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